Federal Universities of Russia

Federal Universities of Russia are strong scientific foundations based in the main economic regions of the country that accumulate all the present achievements in natural and technical sciences and arts. These centers were created as part of Russian education system modernization project and have a unique status as they combine classical fundamental education with innovative activities.
In Russia there are nine Federal Universities (FUs). The first two were founded in 2007 in Southern and Siberian federal districts on the basis of already existing high schools and academical centers in Rostov-on-Don and Krasnoyarsk. They were followed by another five universities: Northern (Arctic) in Arkhangelsk, Kazan (Privolzhsky), Far-Eastern in Vladivostok, Ural Federal University named after Boris Yeltsin in Yekaterinburg and North-Eastern University named after Maxim Ammosov in Yakutsk. The youngest FU are Baltic Federal University named after Kant in Kaliningrad and North-Caucasian Federal University in Stavropol region.
This educational institutions were created through amalgamation of major high schools of the region and receive generous financial support from federal budget. The Northern FU was created on the basis of Arkhangelsk State Technical University, the Privolzhsky - on the basis of Kazan State University, the Ural - on the basis of Ural State Technical University, the Far-Eastern - on the basis of Far-Eastern State University and the North-Eastern - on the basis of Yakutsk State University.
One of the main goals of the FUs is to develop the higher`professional education system and straighten its relations with federal districts' economic and social domains. Federal Universities are autonomous institutions: they are entitled to manage their income and funds at their own discretion. The legislation also permits universities to select education programs as they see fit. Every FU has a look of its own. For instance, Siberian FU specializes on oil and gas engineering and mining, nonferrous metallurgy, hydropower, renewable and alternative energy sources while Southern FU centers in nano technologies, environmental safety, telecommunications, land management and liberal development models for a tolerant society in this polyethnic region of Russia. A part of North-Caucasian Federal University is formed by the secular Historical and culturological Institute for Islamic culture which is open to students of all confessions.
In order to establich themselves as world-class universities FUs stake on the three following factors: high talent concentration among the students and teachers, flexible management system and maximal resource endowment for education and research. The priority order of financing of the FUs makes it possible to construct new student quarters, stadiums, polyclinics, dormitories, laboratory complexes, cover all their needs and, most importantly, give personal grants. It is specially addressed to Russian scientists working abroad and for the leading foreign colleagues willing to promote science in Russia. Also special programs of collaboration with Federal Universities are offered. Only in 2010 the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia allocated 12 billion rubles for these purposes. There is also a so-called mega-grant tender: forty world's top scientists receive 150 million rubles each to build laboratories in Russian high schools.
FUs were created in order to enable fundamental and applied research in strategic scientific fields and establish collaboration with Russian Academy of Sciences and active scientific cooperation with the universities of Europe, Asia and the Unites States.
FUs' goal is not only to involve foreign specialists, but also develop social lifts for the young people of the region. The FUs development concept defines it as "providing access to quality professional education for the frontier areas populace". In the past university entrants from different regions of Russia had to leave their "small motherland" and move to Moscow or St.Petersburg, but now they can get a full quality education in their home regions. Moreover, Federal Universities enable a "reverse flow" of talented students from the capital who are willing to study and then stay and work in the regions as they are offered better career development prospects there.